Back

ⓘ Canada koh hō-chò Kanata, ia̍h-sī Ka-ná-tāi kah Kha-ná-tah, sī tī Pak Bí-chiu siāng pak-pêng ê kok-ka. Canada miâ-gī-siōng sī 1 ê ū hiàn-hoat ê ông-kok, cho -ch ..



Canada
                                     

ⓘ Canada

Canada koh hō-chò Kanata, ia̍h-sī Ka-ná-tāi kah Kha-ná-tah, sī tī Pak Bí-chiu siāng pak-pêng ê kok-ka. Canada miâ-gī-siōng sī 1 ê ū hiàn-hoat ê ông-kok, cho -chit-siōng kiâⁿ liân-pang chè-tō, ū 10 séng, 3 léng-thó. Canada le̍k-sú siōng mā hō-chò Dominion of Canada / Le Dominion du Canada. Dominion sī goân-chū La-teng-bûn "dominus", ì-sù sī thóng-tī. Kó͘-chá Eng-kok iōng-lâi kā i ka tī si̍t-bîn-tē chheng-ho͘ ê thâu-chêng, piáu-sī in ê thóng-tī-khoân.

                                     

1. Ki-pún chu-liāu

  • Siú-siòng: Justin Trudeau 2015
  • Chóng-tok Governor General / Gouverneur général: Richard Wagner
  • Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân: Eng-gí, Hoat-gí
  • Siú-to: Ottawa
  • Kok-ka ê thâu-lâng: Elizabeth Jī-sè
                                     

2. Kok miâ

"Canada" chit-ê miâ sī tùi tōng-tē goân-chū-bîn Haudenosaunee-lâng ê chi̍t-ê pō͘-cho̍k só͘ kóng ê "kanata" só͘ hō, goân-lâi ì-sù sī "chhoan-chng", sī goân-chū-bîn ēng-lâi hiòng thàm-hiám-chiá Jacques Cartier chí bêng Stadacona chit-ê chhoan ê só͘-chāi-tē só͘ ēng.

Āu-lâi, Cartier tio̍h ēng "canada" chit-ê jī lâi chheng Stadacona siú-niá Donnacona só͘ koán ê thó͘-tē. Tī 1545 nî, Au-chiu ê chheh kap tē-tô͘ khai-sí ēng "Canada" lâi piáu-sī chit-ê só͘-chāi.

Kàu 17 sè-kí kap 18 sè-kí chá-kî, "Canada" sī kóng Sin Hoat-lân-se, ia̍h tio̍h sī Sèng Lawrence Hô liû-he̍k kap Toā-ô͘ ê pak hoāⁿ tē-khu. Āu-boé chia-ê thó͘-tē piàn chò Eng-kok ê si̍t-bîn-tē, hun Téng Canada Upper Canada kap Hā Canada Lower Canada, 1841 nî koh ha̍p-pēng chò Canada Séng Province of Canada.

1867 nî cho͘-sêng pâng-liân ê sî-chūn, "Canada" hong ēng-lâi chò sin kok-ka ê chèng-sek miâ-chheng, lēng-goā koh koàn siōng "Dominion", chiâⁿ chò choân-miâ "Dominion of Canada". Āu-lâi Canada chèng-hú tit tio̍h chū-tī ê sin-hūn, ta̍uh-ta̍uh tio̍h bô chài ēng "Dominion", kaⁿ-taⁿ chheng "Canada".

Tī Hàn-bûn kap Ji̍t-pún ê Hàn-jī, hun-piat kā "Canada" hoan chò "加拿大" chham "加奈陀". Hiān-sî Bân-lâm-gí ū chiàu "加拿大" kóng Ka-ná-tāi. Nā tī Tâi-oân, mā tiāⁿ kóng "Kha-ná-tah" ia̍h sī "Ka-ná-tah".

                                     

3. Le̍k-sú

Goân-chū-bîn tī Canada í-keng toà ū 10.000 goā-tang. Tī kong-goân 1000-nî chó-iū ê sî-chūn, Viking-lâng ū toà tī hiān-chú-sî Newfoundland pak-hái-hoāⁿ ê LAnse aux Meadows chi̍t-chām--á. He sī Europa-lâng thâu-chi̍t-pái lâi kàu Canada. Hoat-kok-lâng tī 16 kap 17 sè-kí ê sî-chūn khai-sí poaⁿ-lâi khiā-khí tī Pak-bí-chiu tang-pak-pō, sī Europa-lâng tī Canada tn̂g-kî tēng-ki ê khí-thâu.

Eng-kok, Hoat-kok kap Se-pan-gâ tī 1763-nî chhiam-tēng Paris Tiâu-iok, kā Chhit-nî Chiàn-cheng siu-soah. Tī chit-ê tiâu-iok lāi-té, Hoat-kok tap-èng hòng-khì i tī Pak-bí-chiu tāi-lio̍k ê si̍t-bîn-tē, kā Canada niū hō Eng-kok.

Bí-kok Kek-bēng liáu-āu, si̍t-bîn-tē chi̍t-koá iû-goân hāu-tiong Eng-kok ê lâng chiūⁿ-pak poaⁿ lâi kàuCanada.

Tī 1867-nî, Canada Séng āu--lâi hun-chò Ontario kap Québec, Nova Scotia kap New Brunswick chit saⁿ-ê si̍t-bîn-tē ha̍p-pèng, kiàn-li̍p Dominion of Canada. Edward Ông-chú Tó kap Newfoundland hit-tang-chūn bô siūⁿ-beh kap choah-ê si̍t-bîn-tē ha̍p-chò-hóe, hun-pia̍t kàu 1873-nî kap 1949-nî chiah ka-ji̍p Canada.

Eng-kok tī 1931-nî thong-kòe Westminister Hoat-kui, chèng-sek hō Canada piàn-chò to̍k-li̍p ê kok-ka, ē-tàng ka-kī chè-tēng hoat-lu̍t. Canada tī 1982-nî kā hiàn-hoat ùi Eng-kok soá tò-lâi chhù patriation of the Constitution, chū-án-ne Canada siu-kái hiàn-hoat m̄-bián koh su-iàu Eng-kok ê tông-ì.



                                     

4. Gí-giân

Canada ê nn̄g-ê koaⁿ-hong gí-giân sī Eng-gí kap Hoat-gí.

Tī 1969-nî, Canada kok-hōe thong-kòe gī-àn, chèng-sek kui-tēng Eng-gí kap Hoat-gí tī liân-pang chèng-hú kap kok-hōe--ni̍h sī pêng-téng ê gí-giân. Che sī Canada tē-it-ê Koaⁿ-hong gí-giân hoat-àn Official Languages Act / Loi sur les langues officielles. I chú-iàu ê bo̍k-tek sī Eng-gí kap Hoat-gí siā-khu ê pó-chûn kap hoat-tián, í-ki̍p hō chit-nn̄g-ê gí-giân tī Canada siā-hōe ē-tàng pîⁿ-chē-khiā.

Canada chèng-hú tī 1982-nî chèng-sek soan-kò Hiàn-hoat hoat-àn Constitution Act / Loi constitutionnelle, kî-tiong ê Canada Koân-lī kap chū-iû hiàn-chiong Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms / Charte canadienne des droits et libertés chìn-chi̍t-pō hō liân-pang ki-kò lāi-bīn nn̄g-ê koaⁿ-hong gí-giân ê tē-ūi kap sú-iōng tit-tio̍h hiàn-hoat ê pó-chèng. Koân-lī kap chū-iû hiàn-chiong kui-tēng:

  • Eng-gí kap Hoat-gí sī Canada ê koaⁿ-hong gí-giân;
  • Kap kok-hōe siat-li̍p ê hoat-īⁿ chhú-lí tāi-chì ê sî-chūn, ēng Eng-gí ia̍h-sī Hoat-gí lóng ē-sái--tit.
  • Tī kok-hōe hōe-gī--ni̍h, ta̍k-ke ū koân-lī ēng jīm-hô chi̍t-ê koaⁿ-hong gí-giân;
  • Só -ū kok-hōe ê kì-lo̍k kap thong-kòe ê hoat-àn su-iàu ū Eng-gí kap Hoat-gí ê pán-pún, jî-chhiáⁿ nn̄g-chióng lóng sǹg sī koaⁿ-hong chèng-khak ê pán-pún;
  • Ta̍k-ke ū koân-lī ēng jīm-hô chi̍t-ê koaⁿ-hong gí-giân tit-tio̍h liân-pang chèng-hú ê ho̍k-bū.

Chit-má New Brunswick sī Canada î-it chèng-sek siang-gí ê séng. Hoat-gí sī Québec ê koaⁿ-hong gí-giân; kî-thaⁿ poeh-ê séng ê koaⁿ-hong gí-giân lóng sī Eng-gí.

Tî-liáu Eng-gí kap Hoat-gí, kî-thaⁿ gí-gían tī Canada mā chin tiōng-iàu. Kun-kì 2001-nî ê jîn-kháu tiau-cha, 17% Canada-lâng ê bú-gí m̄-sī koaⁿ-hong gí-giân. Kî-tiong jîn-kháu thōng chē ê sī Italia-gí 1.6%, Tek-gí 1.5%, Kńg-tang-ōe 1.1% kap Punjab-gí 0.9%.

Canada mā ū chiâⁿ chē goân-chū-bîn gí-giân, m̄-koh toā-pō -hūn ē-hiáu kóng ê lâng jú-lâi jú-chió. Kun-kì kāng chi̍t-ê tiau-cha, bú-gí jîn-kháu khah chē ê goân-chū-bîn gí-giân ū Cree 72.680 lâng, Canada jîn-kháu ê 0.25%, Inuktitut 29.005 lâng, 0.10%, kap Ojibway 20.890 lâng, 0.07%.

Free and no ads
no need to download or install

Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

online intellectual game →