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ⓘ Bu̍t-lí-ha̍k sī gián-kiù ùi quark kaù kah ú-tiū chéng-kô chū-jiân ê kho-ha̍k. Pau-hâm ú-tiū ê ki-pún sêng-hun sī siáⁿ? In ū siáⁿ-mih ki-pún saⁿ-chok-iōng? Chok- ..



                                               

1988 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1988 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1896 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1896 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1986 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1986 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1942 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1942 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1778 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1778 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1900 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1900 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1929 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1929 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

Bu̍t-lí-ha̍k
                                     

ⓘ Bu̍t-lí-ha̍k

Bu̍t-lí-ha̍k sī gián-kiù ùi quark kaù kah ú-tiū chéng-kô chū-jiân ê kho-ha̍k. Pau-hâm ú-tiū ê ki-pún sêng-hun sī siáⁿ? In ū siáⁿ-mih ki-pún saⁿ-chok-iōng? Chok-iōng ê kiat-kó siáⁿ khoán? Hiān-tāi bu̍t-lí-ha̍k ū-tang-sî-á khah chùn-būn lêng-liōng, ūn-tōng-liōng, tiān-hō, tông-ūi. chiah-ê sèng-chit ê tùi-thīn tēng-lu̍t kap pó-chûn tēng-lu̍t.

                                     

1. Lí-lūn bu̍t-lí kap si̍t-giām bu̍t-lí

Bu̍t-lí-ha̍k lāi, ū chi̍t-chióng khu-hun, sī pa̍t-chióng kho-ha̍k khah bô--ê. Chū 20 sè-kí khai-sí, bu̍t-lí-ha̍k ē-sái kóng chiām-chiām khu-hun chò lí-lūn bu̍t-lí kap si̍t-giām bu̍t-lí chit nn̄g-pêng.

Seng-bu̍t bu̍t-lí-ha̍k
                                               

Seng-bu̍t bu̍t-lí-ha̍k

Seng-bu̍t bu̍t-lí-ha̍k sī teh gián-kiù seng-bu̍t ê bu̍t-lí te̍k-sèng ê chi̍t mn̂g seng-bu̍t-ha̍k kap bu̍t-lí-ha̍k kau-chhe ê kho-ha̍k.

                                               

1867 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1867 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1831 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1831 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1858 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1858 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

                                               

1961 nî kho-ha̍k

Chit phiⁿ bûn-chiuⁿ kài-siāu 1961 nî kho-ha̍k ê hoat-hiān kap ki-su̍t ê hoat-tián; kî-tiong mā pau-hâm chōe-chōe tiōng-iàu ê kho-ha̍k siong-koan sū-kiāⁿ.

ArXiv
                                               

ArXiv

arXiv sī tsi̍t-hūn siu-tsi̍p bu̍t-lí-ha̍k, sòo-ha̍k, kè-sǹg-ki kho-ha̍k, sing-bu̍t-ha̍k kap sòo-lí king-tsè-ha̍k ê lūn-bûn ī-ìn-pún ê bāng-tsām, tshong-sú teh 1991-nî 8-gue̍h 14-li̍t. Tsia̍t-tsí 2008 nî 10 gue̍h arXiv.org í-king siu-tsi̍p tshiau-kuè 50-bān phiñ ī-ìn-pún; tsí 2014 nî ê nî-té, bûn-tsiuñ siu-tsông liōng ta̍t-kàu 100-bān phiñ. Tsia̍t-tsí 2016-nî 10-gue̍h, the̍h-kau-lu̍t í-king ta̍t-kàu ta̍k-kò-gue̍h tshiau-kuè 10.000-bān phiñ.

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