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ⓘ Si̍t-bu̍t. Koan-hē si̍t-phín chit ê tê-bo̍k, chhiáⁿ khòaⁿ chia̍h-mi̍h. Tùi seng-bu̍t-ha̍k ê koan-tiám lâi kóng, si̍t-bu̍t sī chí sio̍k-î Plantae -kài ê seng-bu̍ ..



                                               

Chò-phōaⁿ tōng-bu̍t

Chò-phōaⁿ tōng-bu̍t sī chhī beh chò-phōaⁿ, him-sióng, ia̍h sī kò͘-chhù ê tōng-bu̍t. Khah phó͘-thong ū káu-á, niau-á, hî-á, chiáu-á, kap thò͘-á téng-téng. Mā ū lâng chhī it-poaⁿ chò ka-thiok ê tōng-bu̍t, chhin-chhiūⁿ ti-á, ke-á chò-phōaⁿ, nā pâ-thiông-lūi kap khun-thiông mā ū chi̍t koá-á. Lâng ūi tio̍h chhù-bī ia̍h lō͘-iōng, í-keng kā chin chē khoán ê tōng-bu̍t poê-ióng chhut kok chióng bô-kâng ê phín-chéng.

                                               

N̂g-tāu

Che n̂g-tāu sī chi̍t khoán si̍t-bu̍t, chit lūi ê si̍t-bu̍t ê koé-chí hō͘ lâng kiò-chò tāu. Chit-hō si̍t-bu̍t ê goân-thâu tī Tang-a. Toā-kàu-chài ê n̂g-tāu-châng ùi khah bô 20 kong-hun kàu 2 bí lóng ū, chit-khoán si̍t-bu̍t chi̍t tang tō ē sí. Ū choan-ka ioh-kóng i chū-pún sī chi̍t khoán tîn-chháu.

                                               

Soân-hoe-kho

Soân-hoe-kho ê si̍t-bu̍t, chhan-chhiūⁿ èng-chhài, han-chî, khan-gû-hoe, tāi-iok ū 60 ê sio̍k, 1650 ê chéng. I tāi-to -sò sī chháu-pún-sèng ê soan-tîn-si̍t-bu̍t, mā-koh ū chi̍t-kóa-á sī tōa-châng-chhiū, chhiū-á kap chháu-pún-si̍t-bu̍t. Soân-hoe-kho ê hoe, hêng-thāi tùi tiong-sim tùi-chheng, seⁿ tio̍h ná-chhiūⁿ lah-pah. Hoe-go̍k sepal ū 5 phìⁿ, hoe-hio̍h petal 5 phìⁿ liâm chò-hóe bô hun-khui, hiông-lúi stamen 5 lúi. Kóe-chí sī sok-kó capsule, ū chéng-chí 1~4 lia̍p he̍k koh khah chē; he̍k-chiá-sī chiú-kó berry kap kian-kó nut. Hio̍h-á sī tan-seⁿ, hō -seⁿ, bô thok-hio̍h stipule. I-ê keng tiāⁿ- ...

                                               

BioRχiv

bioRxiv sī tsi̍t-ê sing-bu̍t-ha̍k khai-hòng tshú-iōng ū-ín-pún ê tsu-liāu-khòo, tī 2013-nî 11-gue̍h khí-tōng. Tsìng-sik ê piáu-sī bioRχiv, kî-tiong χ sī Elláda jī-bó χ, m̄-sī Latin jī-bó X. bioRxiv iû líng-tsuâñ káng si̍t-giām-sik) thok-kuán îng-ūn. iû-î bioRxiv sī ū-ín-pún, sóo-í bioRχiv tíng-kuân thê-kiong ê lūn-bûn iá-bē king-kuè tông-hâng phîng-sím, m̄-ku, lūn-bûn í-king king-kuè ki-pún tê thai-suán, lî-tshiáñ koh tsìn-hîng hông-tsí tshau-si̍p kiám-tsa.To̍k-tsiá ē-sái teh ū-ín-pún bûn-tsiuñ lāi-té ká-thiàñ phîng-lūn.

Si̍t-bu̍t
                                     

ⓘ Si̍t-bu̍t

Koan-hē si̍t-phín chit ê tê-bo̍k, chhiáⁿ khòaⁿ chia̍h-mi̍h.

Tùi seng-bu̍t-ha̍k ê koan-tiám lâi kóng, si̍t-bu̍t sī chí sio̍k-î Plantae -kài ê seng-bu̍t.

  • Bo̍k ê lūi
  • Châng ê lūi
                                     

1. Tēng-gī

Só͘-iū oa̍h-mi̍h tī thoân-thóng-siōng sī pun chò nn̄g kûn: si̍t-bu̍t kap tōng-bu̍t. Chit khoán hun-lūi khó-lêng sī chū Aristotle khai-sí Chêng 384–22 nî, i kā it-poaⁿ bē tín-tāng--ê hō chò si̍t-bu̍t, kā ē-tàng oa̍h-tāng chhōe-chia̍h--ê hō chò tōng-bu̍t. Khah òaⁿ ê Linnaeus 1707–78 nî chhòng-chō hiān-tāi kho-ha̍k hun-lūi-hoat hē-thóng ê ki-chhó͘, to̍h kā che nn̄g khoán siat chò nn̄g-ê kài lat. regnum "ông-kok": Vegetabilia āu--lâi piàn Metaphyta ia̍h Plantae kap Animalia mā hō Metazoa. Chū hit-chūn, lâng bān-bān chai-iáⁿ só͘ kóng ê si̍t-bu̍t-kài sī kā chē khoán bô koan-hē ê hun-kûn pun chò-hóe, lo̍h-bóe chin-khún kiam kúi-à khoán chó-lūi tùi si̍t-bu̍t-kài pun chhut--lâi. Chóng-sī ū-sî-chūn, te̍k-pia̍t sī thong-sio̍k ê tiûⁿ-ha̍p in oa-ná tiāⁿ hông jīn-ûi sī si̍t-bu̍t.

"Si̍t-bu̍t" chit jī, phó͘-thong lâi kóng sī ū to-sè-pau, hâm cellulose ê sè-pau-piah, thang tī-ēng ia̍p-le̍k-thé tián-hiān kong-ha̍p-sêng chia ê sèng-chit.

                                     

2. To-iūⁿ-sèng

Ē-té ê piáu tián-sī Viridiplantae "chheⁿ-sek si̍t-bu̍t" chi̍t-ê seng-bu̍t hun-ki ê hun mn̂g. Tang-tiong chóng-kè ū tāi-iok 300.000 chéng tng oa̍h--teh ê Viridiplantae seng-bu̍t, in tang-tiong 85%–90% sī khui-hoe si̍t-bu̍t.

Iûⁿ-khí si̍t-bu̍t
                                               

Iûⁿ-khí si̍t-bu̍t

Iûⁿ-khí si̍t-bu̍t, he̍k-chiá kóng koeh-lūi sī chi̍t toā lūi ê si̍t-bu̍t, ū tāi-iok 12.000 chéng. Koeh-lūi ū koáiⁿ, hio̍h, kin; mā ū ûi-kóng-sok. In bô hoat chéng-chí mā bô khui hoe, sī óa-khò pau-chí leh seⁿ-thoân.

Tāu-kho
                                               

Tāu-kho

Tāu-kho sī siang-chú-hio̍h si̍t-bu̍t, hun chò 3 ê a-kho. Tāu-kho si̍t-bu̍t ê hoe seⁿ-sêng chin te̍k-chhut, koé-chí ia̍h-sī chéng-chí chhin-chhiūⁿ tāu-á-hêng.

Tōng-si̍t-bu̍t Hông-e̍k Kiám-e̍k Kio̍k
                                               

Tōng-si̍t-bu̍t Hông-e̍k Kiám-e̍k Kio̍k

Tōng-si̍t-bu̍t Hông-e̍k Kiám-e̍k Kio̍k, kán-chheng Hông-kiám-kio̍k, sī Tâi-oân Tiong-hôa Bîn-kok Chèng-hú Hêng-chèng-īⁿ Lông-gia̍p Úi-oân-hōe ê hū-sio̍k ki-koan, tī 1998 nî 8 goe̍h chhe1 sêng-li̍p, hū-chek tōng-si̍t-bu̍t ê kiám-e̍k kang-chok.

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